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Endodontics/ Root Canal Treatment

Root Canal Treatment from start to finish
1. A Deep Infection 
Root canal treatment is needed when the tooth's root becomes infected or inflamed through injury or advanced decay.



2. A Route to the Root :The tooth is anesthetized. An opening is made through the crown of the tooth to the pulp chamber. 



3. Removing the Infected/Inflamed Tissue. Special files are used to clean the infection and unhealthy pulp out of the canals. Irrigation is used to help clean the main canal (called lateral canals). 


is a specialty of Dentistry that specializes with diseases of the dental pulp and its supporting structures.

Teeth have several layers. The outside layer of the tooth is composed of a hard layer called enamel. Enamel is supported by an inner layer called dentin, which has at its center a soft tissue known as the pulp.

The pulp contains blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue that are responsible for forming the surrounding dentin and enamel during tooth development. The pulp receives its nourishment supply from vessels which enter the end of the root. Although the pulp is important during development of the tooth, it is not necessary for function of the tooth. The tooth continues to be nourished by the tissues surrounding it even after the pulp is removed.

Endodontic treatment is necessary when the pulp becomes inflamed or infected. The most common reasons for inflammation or infection are:

  • Deep decay (caries)
  • Exposure of the pulp during decay removal
  • Large fillings that are close to the pulp
  • Crown preparation
  • Cracks or fractures
  • Trauma

If pulp inflammation or infection is left untreated, it can cause pain or lead to an abscess. 

4. Filling the Canals 

The canals are filled with a permanent material, often gutta-percha. This helps to keep the canals free of infection or contamination.





5. Rebuilding the Tooth 
A temporary filling material is placed on top of the gutta-percha to seal the opening until the tooth is ready to be prepared for a crown. A crown, sometimes called a cap, is made to look like a natural tooth, and is placed on top. 

6. Extra Support 
In some cases, a post is placed to give the crown extra support.




7. The Crowning Touch. The crown is cemented into place.





Root Canal Explained